Success Story Under TSP
1. Name of the programme: Animal husbandry centric livelihood
(Promotion of Backyard poultry farming with dual purpose ‘Vanaraja’)
2. Location: Rongkhelan
Village: Dongzenraji Block: New Sangbar District: Dima Hasao
3. Name of the farmer: Mr. Augustin Enghi Age: 27years
Father’s name: Mr. Sarthe Enghi Village: Dongzenraji Post office: Umrangsho PIN: 788931
District: Dima Hasao
5. Brief report about the achievement:
Poultry variety Vanaraja was unheard to the farmers of the district Dima Hasao till implementation of the project. Farmers of the district under the project provisions were made aware of the dual purpose ‘Vanaraja’ variety of poultry and educated about the pros and cons of the bird and the rearing technology through capacity building trainings. The dual purpose Vanaraja was gladly accepted by the tribal farmers especially by Mr. Augustin Enghi, Mr. Mojari Ronghi, from Dongzenraji village under block new Sangbar who were initially provided with 40 day old chicks along with feed, vaccines and medicines. Both the farmers took keen interest on rearing of the birds and were focused on achieving the goal of the project as far as possible. Being prudent in poultry rearing by nature of the tribal people of the North East they fully dedicated to the successful rearing of the new variety with a hope to earn greater income for their family and to become role models for the fellow farm families in the village. Day by day their flock used to grow in size of the individual birds. Over the initial few days of rearing problems arouse concerning the health of the birds which led to causality of few of the birds. However, the problems were overcome through intervention of the Animal Scientist of the KVK as and when necessary with top priority. Now, Mr. Augustin Enghi has a flock of 22 birds which includes 20 females and 2 males after selling out 5 males to the interested buyers and sharing 5 others with the fellow farmers of the village. Similarly Mr. Mojari Ronghi also is maintaining a flock of 20 which include 18 females and 2 males after selling out 4 males and sharing 6 males with his fellow farmers. Both the farmers could produce a total of 2800 fertile eggs. Being needy, part of the eggs produced was consumed by the families also sold in from the household. However the 2 farmers showing good respect to the project requirements were very liberal in distributing 250 eggs among the interested 25 farmers of the village. The farmers collected the eggs for chick production engaging local broody hens and were successful to the tune of 78 per cent a very good success. Gradually the Vanaraja variety expansion has taken up momentum to cover about 45 families rearing the variety with various numbers of birds in their households. Being the process less capital intensive and sustainable with high economic the variety is going to stay for long.
The parameter wise observations showed significantly better performance of the improved poultry bird over the local ones at 6 months age, viz. average body weight of male (3.5 kg), average body weight of female (2.8 kg). The average age at first laying (150-155 days), average egg productions (160-170 per annum) all were advantageous over the local birds.
6. Feedback from the local people:
Local non-descript birds were upgraded due to cross variety of improved variety. Farmers observed desirable traits in Vanaraja viz., faster growth, more number of bigger sized eggs, thrives well under low input system, resistance to most of the diseases, and requires small space, minimum labour force and investment.
7. Future course of action:
Due to easy accessibility of eggs at doorsteps, other farmers can also start the enterprise conveniently. Large scale rearing of the variety can generate employment for the youth and farmers. Similar variety ‘Kamrupa’ can be included for introduction. For sustainability feed production may be encouraged and capacity building activities could be intensified.